We show how temperature and CO2 interact to determine fertilization success of abalone under potential future climate conditions.

Boch, CA, SY Litvin, F Micheli, G De Leo, EA Aalto, C Lovera, CB Woodson, SG Monismith, JP Barry. Effects of current and future coastal upwelling conditions on the fertilization success of the red abalone (Haliotis rufescens) ICES Journal of Marine Science 74(4): 1125-1134. doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsx017