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  • Abalone02 H.corrugata Rosario CBoch1

    Abalone in a changing climate

    We show how temperature and CO2 interact to determine fertilization success of abalone under potential future climate conditions.

    Boch, CA, SY Litvin, F Micheli, G De Leo, EA Aalto, C Lovera, CB Woodson, SG Monismith, JP Barry. Effects of current and future coastal upwelling conditions on the fertilization success of the red abalone (Haliotis rufescens) ICES Journal of Marine Science doi:

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    Larval fish use Batesian Mimicry to improve survival

    Using the In Situ Ichthyoplankton Imaging System, Adam shows how larval fish morphologically and behaviorally mimic gelatinous zooplankton. These traits are selected for even when negative selection at the adult stage is 1000 times stronger due to the larval stage bottleneck.

    Greer AT, Woodson CB, Guigand CM, Cowen RK. 2016. Larval fishes utilize Batesian mimicry as a survival strategy in the plankton MEPS 551:1-12, doi:10.3354/meps11751

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    Fine-scale structure in plankton communities in the Gulf of Mexico

    We demonstrate fine-scale structure across plankton communities in response to oceanographic structure using the In Situ Ichthyoplankton Imaging System.

    Greer AT, Woodson CB, Smith CE, Guigand CM, Cowen RK. 2016. Examining mesozooplankton patch structure and its implications for trophic interactions in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Journal of Plankton Research, doi: 10.1093/plankt/fbw033

  • Propagatingfront

    Fronts and internal waves in the coastal ocean

    Using a nearshore mooring array and numerical models, we show how internal waves may be generated at fronts and are modified by local shear.

    Walter, R.K., M. Stastna, C.B. Woodson, and S.G. Monismith. 2016. Observations of nonlinear internal waves at a persistent coastal upwelling front. Continental Shelf Research doi:10.1016/j.csr.2016.02.007

  • Fishes

    Marine ecosystems may be more productive

    We used an extensive analysis of existing literature combined with new data from the In Situ Ichthyoplankton Imaging System to quantify the potential for increased production in marine ecosystems as a result of fine-scale predator prey overlap.

    Greer, A.T., and C.B. Woodson. 2016. Application of a predator–prey overlap metric to determine the impact of sub-grid scale feeding dynamics on ecosystem productivity. ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsw001

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    Coral community metabolism in American Samoa

    Using a control volume approach, we examine the dynamics of coral reef community metabolism as it relates to flow through the reef.

    Koweek, DA, RB Dunbar, SG Monismith, DA Mucciarone, CB Woodson, and L Samuel. 2015. High-resolution physical and biogeochemical variability from a shallow back reef on Ofu, American Samoa: an end-member perspective. Coral Reefs 34: 979-991, doi:10.1007/s00338-015-1308-9

  • Woodson Pnas2015 01 E1456927664860

    Fronts regulate marine ecosystem production

    We used a novel ecosystem model to show how fronts regulate trophic pathways and ultimately fisheries production and biogeochemical cycling in the ocean, including the 2005-2010 salmon decline in central California

    Woodson, C.B., and S.Y. Litvin. 2015. Ocean fronts drive marine ecosystem production and biogeochemical cycling. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1417143112

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    The origins and fate of stratified turbulence in the nearshore

    We document the evolution and dynamics of turbulence due to internal bores in the nearshore off of central California using the Kelp Forest Array and a novel flux tower designed and built by our team.

    Walter, RK, ME Squibb, CB Woodson, JR Koseff, and SG Monismith. 2014. Stratified turbulence in the nearshore coastal ocean: Dynamics and evolution in the presence of internal bores. Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans 119: 8709–8730, doi:10.1002/2014JC010396

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    Plankton distributions vary with physical forcing

    Using a combination of acoustic and video sampling, we document how plankton distributions are set by physical forcing associated with stratification and tidal pumping

    Sevadjian, JC, MA McManus, J Ryan, AT Greer AT, RK Cowen, CB Woodson. 2014. Across-shore variability in plankton layering and abundance associated with physical forcing in Monterey Bay, California. Continental Shelf Research 72:138-151, doi:10.1016/j.csr.2013.09.018

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    Modulation of internal waves by regional winds

    Using the In Situ Ichthyoplankton Imaging System, Adam shows how larval fish morphologically and behaviorally mimic gelatinous zooplankton. These traits are selected for even when negative selection at the adult stage is 1000 times stronger due to the larval stage bottleneck.

    Walter, RK, CB Woodson, PR Leary, and SG Monismith. 2014. Connecting wind‐driven upwelling and offshore stratification to nearshore internal bores and oxygen variability. Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans 119:3517–3534, doi: 10.1002/2014JC009998

  • SCB Figure9 01 E1456927769452

    Oxygen on the shelf is declining faster than offshore in the Southern CA Bight

    We analyzed a 50+ year data set of CTD casts from the 4 Los Angeles Publicly Owned Water Treatment Works (POTWs) and found oxygen decreases in the last 14 years to be up to 4 times greater than reported offshore.

    Booth, J.A.T., C.B. Woodson, M. Sutula, F. Micheli, S.B. Weisberg, S. Bograd, A. Steele, J. Schoen, and L.B. Crowder. 2014. Patterns and potential drivers of declining oxygen content along the southern California coast. Limnology and Oceanography 59: 1127-1138.

  • AUVinWater 640

    Adaptive sampling of marine larvae using an Autonomous Underwater Robot

    The MBARI DORADO AUV equipped with a gulper was programmed to adaptively sample fronts in Monterey Bay then combined with qPCR to map larval distributions. Significantly higher concentrations of all invertebrates examined were found in frontal zones.

    Ryan, J.P., J.B.J. Harvey, Y. Zhang, and C.B. Woodson. 2014. Distributions of invertebrate larvae and phytoplankton in a coastal upwelling system retention zone and peripheral front. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology 459: 51–60. images

  • Paragon Sunset

    Using an AUV to measure lateral mixing on the inner shelf

    We used an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) to measure the lateral spreading of a dye plume in northern Monterey Bay, and compare our results to theoretical values.

    Moniz, R.J., D.A. Fong, C.B. Woodson, S.K. Willis, M.T. Stacey, and S.G. Monismith. 2014. Scale-dependent dispersion within the stratified interior on the shelf of northern Monterey Bay. J Phys Oceanogr 44: 1049–1064.

  • Coastalissues

    Evaluating the impacts of climate change for California

    We address pressing coastal climate issues for the Southwest United States including Sea Level Rise, Ocean Acidification, Warming, and Inundation and offer some potential management solutions.

    Caldwell, M. R., E. H. Hartge, L. C. Ewing, G. Griggs, R. P. Kelly, S. C. Moser, S. G. Newkirk, R. A. Smyth, and C. B. Woodson. 2013. Coastal Issues. In Assessment of Climate Change in the Southwest United States: A Report Prepared for the National Climate Assessment, edited by G. Garfin, A. Jardine, R. Merideth, M. Black, and S. LeRoy, 168–196. A report by the Southwest Climate Alliance. Washington, DC: Island Press.

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    Cross-shelf exchange and the influence of near coast vorticity

    I used long-term current records across Monterey Bay to assess the primary drivers of cross-shelf exhcange, an important factor in nutrient, larvae, and pollutant delivery to habitats and beaches.

    Woodson, C.B. 2013. Spatiotemporal variability in cross-shelf exchange across Monterey Bay, CA. J Phys Oceanogr 43 (8): 1648-1665

  • Bores

    Non-canonical internal bores in Monterey Bay

    We examine the unique profile and mixing patterns in non-canonical bores and utilize the internal Iribarren number to make predictions about when these types of bores are likely to be seen regionally.

    Walter, R.K., C.B. Woodson, R.S. Arthur, O.B. Fringer, S.G. Monismith. 2012. Nearshore internal bores and turbulent mixing in southern Monterey Bay. Journal of Geophysical Research 117 (C7), C07017, doi:10.1029/2012JC008115

  • Fronts

    Recruitment dynamics are strongly linked to ocean fronts

    Fronts drive spatial distributions of recruitment for 3 dominant taxa of intertidal invertebrates and rockfishes. For rockfishes, this translates into higher adult abundances in kelp forests that experience frequent fronts.

    Woodson, C.B., J.A. Tyburczy, M.A. McManus, J.A. Barth, J.E. Caselle, M.H. Carr, D.P. Malone, P.T. Raimondi, L. Washburn, B. Menge, and S.R. Palumbi. 2012. Coastal fronts set recruitment and connectivity patterns across multiple taxa. Limnol Oceanogr 57: 582-596, doi: 10.4319/lo.2012.57.2.0582.

  • Dispersal

    Distributions of plankton and ecosystem impacts

    We examine the influence of plankton distributions and dispersal on marine ecosystem dynamics in this review on biophyiscal coupling in the ocean as part of a special issue, Mixing at Multiple Scales.

    McManus, M.A., C.B. Woodson. 2012. Plankton distributions and Ocean Dispersal. J Exp Biol 215: 1008-1016. doi:10.1242/jeb.059014.

  • Iwaves

    Along-shelf propagating internal waves

    Observations of some of the first along-shelf propagating internal wave packets. We use isopycnal slope spectra to examine the mixing induced by the wave train.

    Woodson, C.B., J.A. Barth, O.M. Cheriton, M.A. McManus, J.P. Ryan, L. Washburn, and others. 2011. Observations of internal wave packets propagating along-shelf in northern Monterey Bay. Geophys Res Let 38: L01605 doi: 10.1029/2010GL045453. (Results from the PISCO Oceanography Summer Graduate Course in 2008).

  • Heat

    Establishing a heat budget under strong diurnal winds

    We examine the heat budget off of Terrace Point in Northern Monterey Bay and the influence of strong diurnal winds.

    Suanda, S.H., J.A. Barth, and C.B. Woodson. 2011. Diurnal heat balance for the northern Monterey Bay inner shelf. J Geophys Res 116: C09030, doi:10.1029/2010JC006894

  • Ryan Fronts

    Using remote sensing data to examine fronts and internal waves

    We examine and characterize fronts and internal waves within the highly stratified upwelling shadow of northern Monterey Bay

    Ryan, J.P., A.M. Fisher, R. Kudela, M.A. McManus, J.S. Myers, J.D. Paduan, C. Rusham, C.B. Woodson, Y. Zhang. 2010. Recurrent patterns of surface slicks and internal waves in a coastal upwelling shadow. J Geophys Res – Oceans 115: C12070 doi: 10.1029/2010JC006398.

  • Carr

    How ocean observing systems and marine protected areas can benefit each other

    We take a deeper look at how the data gathered from ocean observing systems (OOS) can inform marine protected area (MPAs) evaluation, and how MPAs can help boost the efficacy of OOSs.

    Carr, M., C.B. Woodson, O. Cheriton, M.A. McManus, D. Malone, and P. Raimondi. 2010. Knowledge through partnerships: Integrating marine protected area monitoring and ocean observing systems. Front Ecol Environ doi: 10.1890/090096.

  • Propagatingfront

    Coastal frontal propagation can influence larval delivery to the nearshore

    We look at how coastally-trapped, propagating surface fronts can lead to cross-shelf circulation patterns that locally enhance larval delivery to nearshore habitats.

    Woodson, C.B., J.A. Barth, D.J. Hoover, A.R. Kirincich, M.A. McManus, J. P. Ryan, J. Tyburczy, and L. Washburn. 2009. The northern Monterey Bay upwelling shadow front: Observations of a coastally- and surface-trapped buoyant plume. J Geophys Res – Oceans C12013, doi:10.1029JC005623.

  • Micronekton

    Micronekton perform horizontal diel migration into coastal waters

    A key factor in understanding horizontal diel migration is the relative influence of physics and behavior. We conducted a study on the west coast of Oahu (Wainaie coast) to show that behavior is the primary driver for these migrations of micronekton onto the shelf in order to exploit prey-rich coastal waters.

    McManus, M.A., K. Benoit-Bird, and C.B. Woodson. 2008. Behavior exceeds physical forcing in the diel horizontal migration of a midwater sound-scattering layer in Hawaiian waters. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 365: 91-101.

  • Foragingtransport

    Foraging behavior indirectly reduces transport due to vertical gradients in flow

    In this meta-analysis review, we show how actively searching for prey can change the dispersal of marine organisms through an indirect interaction with vertical velocity gradients. The effect can be as much as a 10-fold decrease in transport relative to surface currents.

    Woodson, C.B., and M.A. McManus. 2007. Foraging behavior can influence dispersal of marine organisms. Limnol Oceanogr 52: 2701-2709.

  • Copepodmodel

    Copepods use oceanographic gradients to employ area-restricted search behavior

    We use laboratory experiments and a simple foraging model to show how copepods can utilize gradients in flow, density, and chemical cues to find high densities of prey resources (phytoplankton), and discuss the broader implications to pelagic ecosystem functioning.

    Woodson, C.B., D.R. Webster, M.J. Weissburg, and J. Yen. 2007. The prevalence and implications of copepod behavioral responses to oceanographic structure. Integr Comp Biol 47: 831-846. doi: 10.1093/icb/icm091.

  • Diurnalupwelling

    Local seabreezes cause nearshore coastal upwelling

    As part of a summer graduate course in coastal oceanography and marine ecosystems, we deployed a small mooring array and discovered a new sea breeze driven nearshore upwelling phenomena that likely has important implications for nutrient and larval delivery to nearshore habitats.

    Woodson, C.B., D. Eerkes-Medrano, A. Flores-Morales, M. Foley, S. Henkel, M. Hessing-Lewis, D. Jacinto, L. Needles, M. Nishizaki, J. O’Leary, C. Ostrander, M. Pespeni, K. Schwager, J. Tyburczy, K. Weersing, A.R. Kirincich, J. Barth, M.A. McManus, and L. Washburn. 2007. Diurnal upwelling driven by sea breezes in northern Monterey Bay. Cont Shelf Res 27: 2289-2302. doi: 10.1016/j.csr.2007.05.014. (Results from the PISCO Oceanography Summer Graduate Course in 2006, italics are student authors).

  • PhotoA Small

    Copepods use a complex cue hierarchy to find prey aggregations

    Copepods use a cue hierarchy that starts with phyiscal gradients in flow or density which act to aggregate passive particles, then to chemical exudates from prey, and finally to mechanical contact with prey to find high densities of phytoplankton.

    Woodson, C.B., D.R. Webster, M.J. Weissburg, and J. Yen. 2007. Cue hierarchy in the foraging behavior of calanoid copepods: Ecological implications of oceanographic structure. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 330: 163-177.

  • Agedcarrion

    Microbes compete with macroconsumers for resources

    We tested Dan Jansen’s 1977 hypothesis about ‘Why fruits rot, seeds mold, and meat spoils’ in the salt marshes of Georgia. We found that microbes directly competed with stone crabs (predators) for resources, but blue crabs used the microbial byproducts to locate prey.

    Burkepile, D.E., J.D. Parker, C.B. Woodson, H.J. Mills, J. Kubanek, P.A. Sobecky, and M.E. Hay. 2006. Chemically-mediated competition between microbes and animals: microbes as consumers in food webs. Ecology 87: 2821-2831. (Featured article in Nature ‘s Research Highlights 446:92-93, 27 April 2007; Featured on National Public Radio’s, All Things Considered “Science Out of the Box” September 15, 2007).

  • Velocitygradient

    Calanoid copepods respond to velocity gradients with swarm like behavior

    We used a novel laboratory apparatus to isolate multiple environmental cues for calanoid copepods for the first time. We found that many species of copepods respond to gradients in velocity with swarm-like behavior. In contrast, copepods tend not to cross density (salinity) gradients.

    Woodson, C.B., D.R. Webster, M.J. Weissburg, and J. Yen. 2005. Response of copepods to physical gradients associated with structure in the ocean. Limnol Oceanogr 50: 1552-1564.

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